USDA hardiness zone 2-zone 1 in the Canadian system- is the second coldest area in North America with average winter temperatures getting as low as 50 degrees below zero F. Gardeners in zone 2 do not have as wide a choice as their neighbors in the warmer areas, but with a bit of hunting they can create a flower garden with a variety of colors and a good size vegetable garden to go along with it.
Paper Birch, (Betula papyrifera) is also known as Canoe Birch. The tree grows from 50 to 70 feet tall with leaves that grow from 2 to 4 inches long and 1-1/2 inches wide that turn a bright yellow in the fall.
Eastern Larch(Larix laricina) is also known as American Larch. The tree grows from 50 to 80 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. The tree is an evergreen with blue-green needles up to 1-1/4 inches long that grow in clusters of 30 and cones less than 1 inch long.
Canadian Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) is also known as Bunchberry dogwood. The plant grows up to 1 foot tall with dark-green leaves and white to greenish flowers that bloom from May through September and are followed by clusters of red berries.
Silverberry( Elaeagnus commutata) is also known as American silverberry, Wild olive and Wolf willow.
The shrub grows up to 12 feet tall with thin, silvery leaves. Cone-shaped yellow flowers grow in small clusters in June and July and are followed by a white berry
Obedient plant, (Physostegia virginiana) is also known as false dragonhead and is a member of the mint family. The plant is a perennial that grows from 2 to 4 feet tall with leaves 2 to 6 inches long and pale lavender-pink flowers growing in long clusters.
Cardinal flower(Lobelia cardinalis) is a perennial that grows from 1 to 6 feet tall with lance-shaped leaves and red tube-shaped flowers growing in 8 inch long clusters at the tips of the stems.
Beets (Beta vulgaris) are a fast growing, cool season vegetable that come in red, yellow or white varieties. The plants are frost hardy and can survive temperatures close to freezing.
Bell Peppers (Capsicum annuum) are a warm season crop. They come in a variety of colors including red, green, yellow and purple. Most varieties are sweet, but they can be hot as well.
Brussels Sprouts belong to the cabbage family. The plant has a long growing season. Plant them for a fall harvest because the flavor is best after the plant has been in a light frost.