The prostate gland in the adult male is the size of a golf ball. This gland does not play a role in children, but as the child gets older and reaches adulthood, there can be health problems.
When a man reaches his fifties, the prostate becomes larger and there are changes in regards to the male sex hormones. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside, runs through the prostate gland, so the changes in the size of the prostate as the man gets older, can interfere with the emptying of the bladder.
If the prostate enlargement starts to block the flow of urine or affects the bladder, this condition is known as BPH which stands for benign prostatic hypertrophy. .
When the enlargement of the prostate begins to block the flow of urine, this is the time when a man should have surgery. This is a common operation and it should not be avoided.
Male hormones control normal prostate growth, stimulate the overgrowth in BPH and can create an abnormal growth of cancer cells.
BPH not only causes urination problems but it can also cause kidney damage. This is when serious infection can occur in the bladder and the kidneys.
If there is cancer of the prostate, as in any cancer, it must be treated immediately. This tumor, if not treated early, can spread through the bloodstream into the bones throughout the body.
When Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) first start out, few men may realize there is a problem because the first symptom is having difficulty urinating. When these men do start urination, the flow is very slow. Sometimes the bladder is not completely empty and the urine must be emptied frequently in small amounts. If the flow of the urine is completely blocked, there can be discomfort in the abdomen.
If there is a bladder or kidney infection, there can be fever, chills, abdominal pain, and there could be a burning pain when urinating. If a man has these symptoms, it is important to stay away from alcohol, antidepressants, and many nonprescription decongestants.
As we might say, prevention is the best cure. The following are some things a man can do to prevent problems: After the age of fifty, a man should have a health assessment, at least one every two years. This should include a rectal examination. Since the prostate gland is located just inside the rectum, a doctor can easily determine the size, shape and firmness of the prostate gland. It is also very important to see a doctor immediately if there is blood in the urine, if there is difficulty starting or passing urination and if there is burning pain when urine is passed.
Source: Medical and Health Guide