Previously published in Examiner
Part 8 of the Capital Punishment series
Racially bias in sentencing
Now let’s go back to the statement found in the previous article that 42 percent of African Americans are currently on death row, this is a national average. The thing is yes, it looks like blacks commit more crimes, but is that a reality?
The individual States legislate the death penalty. It is not regulated at the federal level. The racial bias has not changed nationally, even though individual states play a large hand in who will be on death row and who won’t be The global number of African Americans on death row is disproportionate to the population; 42 percent on death row, yet the entire African American population accounts for only 12.8% of the US population. Sociologists and psychologists have been claiming for years, that is not that African Americans have murdered more than white people, they have been sentenced to the death penalty more than white people. This is an unfair bias, when judges and juries are sentencing more blacks than whites.
Psychologically, the Caucasian population are more apt in believing that an African American has committed a crime than another white person. Similarly, judges are more harsh on African Americans than on Caucasians doing the same crime. For a complete demographic breakdown click here: http://www.prisonpolicy.org/prisonindex/deathpenalty.html
Then the other unfair bias is that some states carry the death penalty and some do not.
In Canada the situation is the same across Canada; there is no death penalty. This is a matter that was decided at the federal level. Most Montrealers are not in favor with the death penalty those there has been a public outcry for stricter sentencing on heinous crimes.
To be continued