Behaviorism and learning theory continued
Early behaviorists did not expand the theory to add any cognitive processes going on while we were doing all these different behaviors. Today there are very few pure behaviorists. What we have are cognitive behaviorists, who combine our thinking processes and our behaviors to determine human personality.
An additional part of behaviorism worth mentioning here was that behavioral psychologists felt that there was a trigger that preceded a behavior. A signal, which they called a stimulus, elicited the behavior that followed. The behavior following the stimulus is called the response. In terms of habits, obese people will often eat (response) even if they are not that hungry if they have been conditioned to a certain stimulus, such as sitting in front of the TV and seeing a commercial about food.
Other psychologist known as social psychologists developed the idea that people model each other, in other words they do what they see other people doing. Think about the many ways you do things that other people do.
Do you wear certain types of clothing because other people do? The clothing in question could be church clothing, or some freaky new fad, or do you just have to have those fashionable shoes or that particular type of handbag?
Have you sometimes taken a drink at a party only because everyone else was doing it? Most young people follow the crowd. However, older people are not immune to doing things a certain way because that is what others do as well.
Social behaviorists maintained that humans mimic each other and sometimes not much thinking is really involved.
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