Social disorganization is any jurisdiction, in which the community’s residents, businesses, schools, and organizations are uncooperative when making an effort to bring a jurisdiction to an organized state. These types of community’s are antisocial, do not provide assistance to law enforcement and have a disregard to establish a set of social norms that abide by and adhere to moral values, local, state, and federal laws. In addition, disorganized societies lack programs that offer youth, elderly, and residence productive activities. Such programs would consist of but are not limited to afterschool programs, community help centers, and religious-spiritual (Babylon, 2009).
Social disorganization contributes to organized crime in a great deal of ways. First, when any community becomes disorganized criminals and criminal organizations are eager to benefit from the numerous underlying issues that exist within the community. Disorganized communities display a poor social status; lack the required structure necessary for law enforcement to effectively protect residents by deterring, detecting, and apprehending criminal wrongdoers and the organizations that employ criminals. This disregard to cooperate with local law enforcement prevents communities from establishing anticrime and community awareness programs that can further provide an effective means to combat crime. These neighborhoods are breeding grounds for criminal activity (Thabit, 2006).
Second, juveniles are susceptible and easily influenced by criminal organizations as a result of the juvenile’s dysfunctional family lifestyle, low family income, a want to obtain materialistic items of value, and a poor social environment. Criminal organizations coerce juveniles to participate and contribute to the organization productivity by offering a financial reward. The financial reward given to engage in illegal criminal activity far exceeds that of what a low paying labor intensive job can offer. In addition, juveniles involved with the negative social groups will inform other friends to conform and join the criminal organization for the sake of personal gain. This in return, creates a social sub-group whose members engage in criminal and delinquent activity, experiment with illegal substances and alcohol, withdraw from school, and continue down a path as a career criminal (Police One, 2008).
One cannot forget about the numerous victimless crimes that will begin to develop along with many other issues. Criminal organizations are not all formally organized. Street gangs, prostitution and drug rings will develop, all of which led to issues involving disorderly conduct, public intoxication, and prostitution. Crimes like these can deteriorate a neighborhood by lowing property values and forcing business owners to shutdown the business. A decrease in sales could be the result of an increase in internal theft and external robbery-burglary (Police One, 2008).
The way, in which corrupt political machines and social disorganization contribute to the development of organized crime, consists of many factors. Political leaders may become influenced to pass bills, create statutes, and implement certain laws in favor of the political machine or criminal organizations ideological ways. This corruption in return disrupts the balance of society, and at the same time creates an unequal, unfair, bias, prejudice, and discriminatory jurisdiction (University of Phoenix, 2010).
The result can be an increase in property tax, therefore, leaving home-business owners in a financial situation. Moreover, businesses can be affected if certain laws are put into place that interfere with international and domestic trade, policies that concern employees, security, and environmental. This in return, will create additional expenses for a business that will directly affect the consumer, community, and business. When a business is forced to purchase new machinery or upgrade current technology that adheres to newly created governmental policies, the time and money needed to make this change can cost thousands if not millions of dollars Linden, 2005).
Political corruption can further take away from social security, health care, education, and employment. Individuals, who reach the age of retirement, may be forced to continue working. Healthcare can become a major concern when political leaders pass laws, such as the healthcare law in effect in the state of Massachusetts that makes it illegal for individual’s 18-years and older who fail to display current health coverage. Individuals in Massachusetts that do not possess health care are penalized when filing taxes. The penalty continues to increase each year the individual files his or her taxes and cannot prove to the state that he or she currently has healthcare (Adam, 2010).
Educational opportunities diminish drastically when schools cannot purchase new books, equipment, offer raises to administrators and educators, and provide programs extremely beneficial to the student. Schools begin to remove programs, such as afterschool activities, sports, music, art, and so forth all for the purpose of reducing the schools budget to save money. In the end the student pays the ultimate price along with the school. The fewer children that graduate and attend college, the worse a school will look among other state school systems (Gore, 2010).
In the end social disorganization contributes to many forms of corruption and can have a detrimental effect on a community’s political, economic, and social status. A once established community flourishing with businesses and property owners can quickly become a haven for criminal wrongdoers and criminal enterprises. In this document a discussion between social disorganization and development of criminal organizations, the evolution of criminal organizations, and how corrupt political machines and social disorganization assist with the development of organized crime was presented. References
Adams, M. (2010). Blagojevich, political corruption and health care reform. Retrieved September 4, 2010, from http://www.naturalnews.com/029521_Blagojevich_corruption.html
Babylon. (2009). Social Disorganization. Retrieved September 3, 2010, from http://dictionary.babylon.com/social_disorganization/
Gore, M. (2010). Political Anti-Corruption Education Affect on Youth Worldwide. Retrieved September 4, 2010, from http://peacesecurity.suite101.com/article.cfm/political-anti-corruption-education-affect-on-youth-worldwide
Linden, L. (2005). Estimates of the Impact of Crime Risk on Property Values from Megan’s Laws. Retrieved September 4, 2010, from http://www0.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/jrockoff/aer.98.3.pdf
Police One. (2008). Police Press Release: City of Cleveland Cracks Down on Organized Crime. Retrieved September 4, 2010, from http://www.policeone.com/police/products/press-releases/1663757-City-of-Cleveland-Cracks-Down-on-Organized-Crime/
Thabit, W. (2006). Social Disorganization Theories of Crime. Retrieved September 3, 2010, from http://www1.apsu.edu/oconnort/crim/crimtheory10.htm
University of Phoenix. (2010). Week four overview. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from University of Phoenix, Week Four, rEsource. CJA393-Interdisciplanary Capstone Course Website.