Every parent has dealt with infant diaper rash at one time or another. Diaper rashes are generally caused by wetness, bacterial or viral infection, food allergies, or fungus. The rash may present as bright red, with or without closed or open papules. Open papules (resemble popped pimples) can be very painful to an infant, so it is very important to eliminate the rash before it reaches this stage. At this late stage, honestly, usually caused by neglect to a newly formed diaper rash, the infant can become vulnerable to infection in the immediate area. Then the rash becomes more difficult to treat and much more uncomfortable for your baby.
Let’s get those little bottoms clear of diaper rash. First, air dry skin as much as possible – at least one hour a day. If rash is present check diaper for wetness and soiling every hour, change if necessary. Clean area with warm water at every diaper change. Use mild soap once a day and dry area well. Apply a protective skin barrier (Desitin, Balmex, zinc oxide, or A and D ointment are good examples) at each diaper change. Keep diaper loosely fitting to allow for air exchange in the area. If possible place undiapered infant on a blanket in the sunlight bottom up to help heal rash.Avoid use of diaper wipes as the ingredients can actually worsen a diaper rash. If rash involves skin creases or has lasted more than 3 days, apply OTC lotrimin cream or gel to the involved area.
Remember there are some situations that will require the intervention of your pediatrician. I have listed these situations below.
Report the following Problems to your Pediatrician/Clinic/Emergency Room
– Rash turns bright red or raw.
– Blisters, pus, pimples, or crusting
– Persistent rash greater than 3 days that is unresponsive to homecare measures
– Rash worsens
– Unexplained fever
Most important in diaper rash solution is prevention. Pay close attention to the amount of wet diapers your baby produces daily, and be prepared to change them before it is saturated. Also choose a good, quality diaper that is able to hold wetness well and keep your little one’s bottom as dry as possible. If you follow these tips you may not ever have to deal with diaper rash, although, that really is rare.