With a filmmaking career spanning nearly half a century, Stanley Kubrick is widely acknowledged as one of the most accomplished, innovative, and influential filmmakers in the history of world cinema. An exceptional filmmaker who valued control over his films, he is best remembered with at least a half dozen of cinematic masterpieces in the eyes of many generations of film audience.
From his valuable concepts and stories to his meticulous attention to detail and creative treatment, his works were widely known as both highly acclaimed and often controversial for varying reasons. Overall, his films were described as provocative, visionary, touching, striking, and distinctively memorable.
Family and Hometown
Born on July 26, 1928 in Manhattan, Kubrick was the first of two children of Jacques Leonard Kubrick and Gertrude Perveler Kubrick. Barbara Mary, his younger sister, was born in 1934. He was of Jewish, Austrian, Romanian, and Polish descent. His father was a local doctor and the family lived a comfortable life in several places around New York. When Stanley was born, he and his parents lived in an apartment in Bronx.
Childhood and Teenage Years
As a child, Kubrick was considered intelligent, but with his unsatisfactory grades, his parents could tell that their son was not realizing his full potential. In 1934, he entered a local public school. Through the years, he did not achieve particularly high grades. His parents tried home schooling for him, but it didn’t work. With his parents deeply concerned about their son’s poor academic performance, they decided to send him to Los Angeles, California, hoping that the change of scene and pace would help improve his studies. He stayed with his uncle Martin Perveler, an entrepreneur who started a chain of pharmacies in the west coast. His uncle would eventually become a multimillionaire through his wise business investments.
After a year, Kubrick came back to New York and entered a new school for eighth grade. He scored above average on the reading and intelligence tests given by the New York school system. At the age of 12, his father introduced him to his library of literature and taught him to play chess, which would soon become his lifelong obsession. At the age of 13, he developed passions for chess, jazz drumming, and photography. To help him stimulate his interests, his father gave him his Graflex camera, which further triggered his fascination with still photography. With his interest in jazz, he also briefly attempted to have a career as a drummer. All these hobbies eventually influenced him as a future filmmaker. They became vital in unlocking his potential as an artist and storyteller.
“Stanley Kubrick,” Biography.com.
“Stanley Kubrick Biography,” The Biography Channel.
“Stanley Kubrick Biography,” FilmMakers Magazine.
“Stanley Kubrick,” Prodigy.com.
“Biography for Stanley Kubrick,” IMDb.
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