Productive and counterproductive behavior in the workplace helps to determine the productivity of a company and the job satisfaction of employees. Behavior, an important aspect of business, can be either productive or counterproductive. This article will discuss the impact of these types of behaviors as well as recommend strategies to increase productive behavior and decrease counterproductive behavior in organizations.
There are many strategies for increasing productive behavior and decreasing counterproductive behavior. To ensure that employees are practicing productive behavior instead of counterproductive behavior, prevention and promotion should be considered first. There are also many physical means of increasing productive behavior and decreasing counterproductive behavior in an organization.
Prevention is a necessary step to productivity, and methods of preventing counterproductive behavior while promoting productive behavior is important to any organization. Preventing counterproductive behavior can start with employee appraisals; these evaluations can help a manager determine what areas an employee should work on to promote productivity and prevent counterproductive behavior. It is also important to inquire about the abilities and habits of employees prior to hiring them; this will help determine their ability to be productive ahead of time. These strategies can be used to prevent counterproductive behavior while promoting productive behavior.
Other strategies for increasing productivity and decreasing counterproductive behavior are through physical actions. Managers can evaluate the methods being used in a company to determine if the methods are counterproductive (Britt & Jex, 2008). These methods can be changed to promote productive behavior. Adding cameras and drug screenings are other strategies for promoting productive behavior while decreasing counterproductive behavior. There are many strategies that can promote productive behavior and discourage counterproductive behavior, and it is important to take into consideration the situation at hand when deciding what strategy to use.
Productive behavior and counterproductive behavior highly impact the performance of an organization and the job performance of employees. These types of behaviors should be understood and dealt with effectively to increase productivity and decrease counterproductive behavior. Understanding strategies that will prevent and promote behavior as well as increase and decrease behavior is important to all organizations because productive behavior is a valuable tool to all organizations.
Britt, T. W., & Jex, S. M. (2008). Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach (2 ed.). New York, NY: Wiley.