Acute Stress is a psychological condition in response to a traumatic event. Acute stress is a short onset of stress resulting from a current event or situation. Acute stress can appear like the inability to comprehend, disorientation, narrowing of attention or almost like a dazed state.
Acute stress will increase levels of adrenaline, cortisol and other hormones that will increase heart rate, increase breathing rate and make blood pressure elevated.
Acute stress will usually correct itself over time. If acute stress does not resolve itself it can lead to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in which medical treatment would be needed, as well as a short term medication.
Chronic Stress is when your brain is subjected to long periods of stressful events or situations that you appear not to have control over. Chronic stress can last for several weeks or months. Chronic stress can appear like anxiety, depression, headaches, unexplained body aches and pains, difficulty concentration, sleeping problems and isolation.
Studies have found, when men are under chronic stress, men do not do as well as women. Men are unable to recall events or memories. Also, men are unable to retain information or memories. When women are under chronic stress, women do very well recalling events and retaining memories.
Traumatic stress can be caused by a physical or psychological event, such as abuse or war. Traumatic stress is an overwhelming amount of stress due to events or situations in life. Traumatic stress can causes shrinkage in parts of the brain, as a way for the brain to protect itself. People dealing with traumatic stress often have nightmares and flashbacks, related to an event or situation. Often Traumatic stress will develop into Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, in which medical attention and medication are often needed.
Stress affects most people at different levels and times in life. When you’re feeling stress building or find yourself in a stressful situation, take a moment to stop and clear your head. If possible, go for a walk or just outside to get some fresh air, then come back to the situation at hand.
The best thing for stress is to exercise, it reduces the stress hormone and increases endorphins. In addition to the balance of stress hormones, exercise will give you time to clear your head and problem solve, allowing you to feel more capable to deal with an event or situation. Yoga, deep breathing and taking some personal time are effective ways of dealing with stress, too.
Sometimes stress is to much and becomes very overwhelming. If that’s a position you find yourself in, talk to a trusted family member or friend. If that’s not an option, seek out a professional counselor.