With the anniversary of Hurricane Katrina approaching, I became curious about some of the other catastrophic hurricanes to hit the U.S.
Since 1953, the National Hurricane Center has named the Tropical storms and hurricanes. Prior to that time, there were several devastating hurricanes to hit the U.S. which were unnamed. Here, (according to America’s Best and Top Ten) is a list of the Ten Worst Hurricanes to hit the U.S.
I have listed them chronologically, not by intensity. The monetary damage of each hurricane was not available on the website. Some are listed, however.
Unnamed Hurricane (1886) – Texas
This Category 4 Hurricane turned Indianola into a Ghost Town. Today, the Court House lies 300 feet out in Matagorda Bay. The storm had a recorded minimum pressure of 925 millibars (27.31 inches).
Unnamed Storm (1915) – New Orleans, Louisiana
This unnamed Category 4 Storm reached a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches). It flooded Lake Pontchartrain, causing it to overflow its banks and killing 275 people.
The Atlantic-Gulf Hurricane (1919) – Florida, Texas
This hurricane struck the Keys as a Category 4, and Texas as a Category 3. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 927 millibars (27.37 inches).
San Felipe-Okeechobee Hurricane (1928) – Florida
The fourth strongest Hurricane to hit the US mainland caused a lake surge on the inland Lake Okeechobee in Florida that rose as high as nine feet, flooding nearby towns. A Category 4, it had a minimum pressure of 929 millibars (27.43 inches)
The Great Labor Day Storm (1935) – Florida
One of just three Category 5 Hurricanes to make landfall in the US, the Great Labor Day Storm had a minimum pressure of 892 millibars (26.35 inches). It caused 423 deaths in Florida. It also was notable for providing the setting for the Humphrey Bogart – Lauren Bacall movie, Key Largo.
Hurricane Donna (1960) – Florida to New England
Donna is the only hurricane known to have produce hurricane-force winds in Florida, the Mid-Atlantic States, and New England. At its peak, it had a minimum pressure of 930 milibars (27.46 inches).
Hurricane Carla (1961) – Texas
A Category 4, Carla had a minimum pressure of 931 millibars (27.49 inches), tying it with the 1915 Louisiana storm.
Hurricane Camille (1969) – Mississippi, SE Louisiana
Camille, a Category 5, was the second most intense hurricane ever to hit the United States, with a minimum pressure of 909 millibars (26.84 inches). The final wind speed will never be known because all measuring devices were destroyed, but it is thought to exceed 200 mph. Camille’s estimated cost was $21.2 billion.
Hurricane Andrew (1992) – Florida and Louisiana
A Category 4 when it hit Florida, Hurricane Andrew hit Louisiana as a Category 3. At its peak, Andrew had a minimum pressure of 922 millibars (27.23 inches). Andrew’s estimated cost was $55.8 billion.
Hurricane Katrina (2005) – Louisiana and Mississippi
Katrina had a minimum pressure of 904 millibars (26.64 inches), making it the second most intense storm to hit the US, as well as the most costly, and the third deadliest hurricane in U.S. history. Katrina’s estimated cost was $81.0 billion.