Established April 6, 1869 on Manhattan’s Upper West Side, in the seventeen acre Theodore Roosevelt Park, the American Museum of Natural History contains twenty-five buildings, forty-six exhibition halls, several research laboratories, a famous library, and more than thirty-two million specimens of minerals and gems, including the Star of India, the world’s largest star sapphire, meteorites, plants, flowers, mammals, a full-sized model of a Blue Whale that can be found in the Milstein Family Hall of Ocean Life, anthropological collections, habitat dioramas, and dinosaur fossils.
When its cornerstone was laid in 1874 Founding Members of one of the largest and best known museums in the world, that provides more than one hundred field expeditions every year, included such notable personalities of the day as Theodore Roosevelt Senior, J. Pierpoint Morgan, Robert Colgate, Morris Ketchum Jesup, the third President of the American Museum of Natural History, New York Congressman Moses Hicks Grinnell, Anson Greene Phelps Dodge, Journalist Charles A. Dana, and several others who came together to realize the dream of Naturalist Doctor Albert Smith Bickmore.
Spitzer Hall of Human Origins:
The Anne and Bernard Spitzer Hall of Human Origins, that traces the Homo Sapiens story, provides life-sized dioramas of African Homo Ergasters, Northern African Australopithecus Afarensis, Neanderthals, and Cro-Magnons, believed by some to be the earlier ancestors of human beings, full-sized casts of the “Lucy” skeleton, the Turkana Boy, the Peking Man, and Ice Age limestone horse carvings from the Dordogne Region of southwestern France, considered mankind’s earliest known artistic creations. Other exhibits portraying mankind contained in the museum feature Asian, African, Pacific, Mexican, Central American, and Native American collections.
Guggenheim Hall of Minerals:
Displaying more than one hundred thousand pieces the Harry Frank Guggenheim Hall of Minerals, and the Morgan Memorial Hall of Gems, have featured the 632-carat uncut Patricia Emerald, the 563-carat Star of India, a 596 pound topaz, a four and a half ton azunite and malachite ore, a 100-carat Sri Lankan padparadscha corundum, the 100-carat Delong Star Ruby, and the Eagle Diamond.
Arthur Ross Hall of Meteorites:
The Arthur Ross Hall of Meteorites is the home of many of the world’s best known specimens including five billion year old extra-solar nanodiamonds, the 32,000 pound iron-nickel Willamette Meteorite found in Oregon, the largest meteorite ever discovered in the United States, and a portion of the 10,000 year old, two hundred ton, Cape York Meteorite known as Ahnighito that was found in Greenland.
Frederick Phineas and Sandra Priest Rose Center For Earth and Space:
The Hayden Planetarium Space Show, part of the Frederick Phineas and Sandra Priest Rose Center For Earth and Space, is contained in a six-story tall glass cube along with the Space Theater, the Harriet and Robert Heilbrunn Cosmic Pathway, the Judy and Josh Weston Pavilion, the Department of Astrophysics, and 333,500 square feet of educational, research, and exhibition space.
Famous fossil expeditions sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History have included the 1897 to 1902 Jesup North Pacific Expedition to Alaska, Siberia, the northwestern coast of Canada, and the Bering Strait, the 1913 and 1914 Roosevelt-Rondon Scientific Expedition of the one thousand mile long “River of Doubt” in the Brazilian Amazon basin, the 1921 to 1932 Whitney South Seas Expedition of Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Oceania, and the 1913 Crocker Land Expedition of a hugh island famed Artic Explorer Robert Peary thought he observed from the top of Cape Thomas Hubbard in northern Canada’s Nunavut Territory that turned out to be a mirage.
Possessing Tyrannosaurus Rex, Apatosaurus, Mammuthus, Brontops, Anatotitan, and Ammonite dinosaurs many areas of the American Museum of Natural History, including the Childs Frick Building, the home of the largest dinosaur fossils collection in the world, the Whale Bone Storage Room, the Elephant Room, the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Hall, the Orientation Center on 77th Street, the Hall of Vertebrate Origins, the Hall of Saurischian Dinosaurs, the Hall of Ornithischian Dinosaurs, the Hall of Advanced Mammals, and the Hall of Primitive Mammals, contain thousands of dinosaur fossils.
Popular books, movies, and television programs the American Museum of Natural History has appeared in include J.D. Salinger’s book “The Catcher In The Rye,” Time Warp Trio, Friends, Night At The Museum, The Nanny Diaries, Caitlin R. Kiernan’s novel “Daughter Of Hounds,” her “The Dreaming” comic books, her short story “Onion,” and her novel “Valentia,” Exorcist II: The Heretic, The Day After Tomorrow, the Douglas Preston and Lincoln Child books “Reliquary,” “The Relic,” “The Book of the Dead,” and “Cabinet of Curiosities,” The Squid and the Whale, We’re Back! A Dinosaur’s Story, An American Tail: The Treasure of Manhattan Island, the fourth volume of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles series, The Celebrity Apprentice, the Spectacular Spider-Man, Mad About You, the Robert Forrest Webb and David Eliades book “The Great Dinosaur Robbery,” and several others.
American Museum of Natural History
79 Street and Central Park West
New York City, New York 10024
This Article was compiled from several websites that provide much more information about the American Museum of Natural History including: