Previously published in Examiner
Part 4 of the Japanese Internment Series for women’s issues
Before giving a summary of Japanese internment camps it must be mentioned that there were German and Italian interment camps as well. These three nations were of course enemies of America in World War II. However, it was the herding of these people in America into these camps that went beyond national security and took on a racial bias and gross disregard for human rights. Of course anyone involved in illegal activity needed to be dealt with. However, not every person living in America who had nothing to do with a country they left behind and had no ties with that country should ever have been dealt with in that manner. Defenseless women with families were caught up in a war they did not create and victimized unjustly.
There was also a voluntary relocation program in the exclusion Military Area I, but those who volunteered to relocate had to pay for all costs on their own.
Japanese students – National Student Council Relocation Program
There was a condition where Japanese students who could find a university to accept them could be granted leave from the camps to go to school under this program.
Different types of Camps
There were several types of Camps. The ones most widely known were the Assembly Centers and the relocation camps, and then there were the camps that were actually called internment camps. However the actually internment camps were for suspected criminals and not the bulk of the Japanese Community.
The Relocation centers were for the people removed from the exclusion zones (areas where they were no longer allowed to live). The people in the exclusion zones were temporary sent to the relocation centers until they could be sent to other parts of the country.
Latin Americans of Japanese decent were also detained by the Justice Department and then released due to the hard work and determination of a civil rights lawyer, Wayne M. Collins. They were then sent to Seabrook, New Jersey to work the farms.
Japanese Canadians were interned during that second world war days, also German and Italian Canadian political activists. Adrien Arcand was a Montreal Journalist and fascist who campaigned from 1929 until his death in 1967 who was also interned. He appointed himself the Canadian führer.