The only diabetes that you can avoid is diabetes type II. Type I diabetes is inherited, which is not avoidable, but by far the diabetes that has caused devastating effects on our populations around the world is diabetes type II.
What is diabetes type II disease? Diabetes is a condition in which glucose resulting from the breakdown of foods that we eat, is not able to enter the cells of the body to provide the body with the energy needed and also because of the high levels of glucose circulating in the blood causes various devastating pathological conditions to the body. The organ of focus is the pancreas. Damage to the pancreas can result in compromise to exocrine and endocrine glands of the pancreas. The pancreas is responsible for the production of insulin a hormone which is essential for the moving of glucose to the bodies cells which are all involved in the production of energy (ATP) needed in metabolic reactions of the body. The pancreas is located deep in the abdomen, between the stomach and the spine. It is partially behind the stomach. The head of the pancreas is in the curve of the duodenum of the small intestine. The cells of the pancreas that are responsible for the production of insulin are called beta cells. Any damage to these cells results in lowered insulin production or lack of insulin secretion altogether. Because of this lack of insulin secretion glucose cannot cross into the tissues of the body. Glucose therefore builds up in the blood of the patient. Normal glucose levels is approximately between 80 and 110 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter). Glucose levels, tested during fasting, above 200 mg/dl are a signal of great concern and tend to signal a condition of diabetes type II. High levels of glucose is referred to as hyperglycemia and low levels of glucose is referred to as hypoglycemia.
Why should you be concerned ? The brain, as you will agree, is the center of control of your body and its energy source is glucose. Diabetic patients are at constant risk of low levels of glucose, brought on by the overdosing of insulin and can fall into a diabetic coma, until glucose levels are restored to normal levels. But its the long-term effects of high glucose levels as a result of reduced production of insulin which are of major concern. Common long term effects are the following: higher mortality rates amongst diabetic patients regardless of sex, age or affluence. High levels of heart disease and stroke, neuropathy (nerve damage), retinopathy (exudate in eye), atherosclerosis, hypertension, central obesity, and delayed wound healing. Diabetic feet is a condition in which because of lack of circulation, neuropathy, and high levels of glucose in the blood, a small damage on the skin or sole of the feet, to any toe or upper surface of the feet may result in a wound that just seem to never heal. The wound may get bigger following the path of tendons deep in the skin or may form fistulas (canals) through the foot, from dorsal to ventral or vice versa. The skin or tissue of the affected region usually become necrotic (dead) which will be observed by the tissue’s dark or completely black appearance. Eventually because of further complications of circulation and necrosis the foot will have to be amputated because of the risk of causing further damage to other healthy regions of the leg or sepsis throughout the body. One of the most serious conditions of diabetic feet is that the patient looses peripheral sensitivity and therefore cuts to the feet are not readily felt, and when they are discovered, the healing process is very slow or non-existent.
So how do you avoid getting diabetes type II ? Lifestyle have a lot to do with the disease of diabetes. Constantly filling up on a lot of sugar-filed sodas, sweets and juices with high levels of sugar will cause the pancreas over time to be tired and burnt out. The beta cells of the pancreas will then stop producing insulin needed to move the sugar from the blood into the tissues in the form of glucose. All foods that are high in carbohydrate, need to be eaten in correct proportions and in a balanced diet. Exercise have also been shown to assist the body by way of the peripheral tissues, to assist the burning away of excess glucose circulating in the blood and also to enable the tissues to be more accepting of glucose transfer to the inside of cells. Everyone should strive to avoid being overweight because this also causes fat to be broken down to glucose by an internal process in the body called gluconeogenesis which increases the glucose content of the blood and further stresses the endocrine system of the pancreas to produce more insulin needed to move yet more glucose to the inside of tissues. Being overweight also makes it difficult to exercise thus further causing poor utilization of excess glucose circulating in the blood stream.
So diabetes type II is very prevalent in western societies today. Many populations have a genetic predisposition for diabetes and should avoid excess sugars in their diet, while drinking adequate amounts of water and eating a balanced diet. This is a very dangerous disease that have a lot more consequences than just blindness, and amputation which are in themselves two major pathological conditions. It affects the heart, the circulatory system, and the healing process of the body and can potentially affect all organs of the body.