Spring is the busiest season for most gardeners, with the majority of vegetables and flowers being planted in spring. But before your spring planting, there are many tasks to accomplish. These will vary depending on the type of garden you have and other factors, but may include:
* Rake and clear away accumulated dead growth, twigs, leaves, and various winter debris.
* Remove tree and plant guards.
* Trim ornamental grasses.
* Prune rose bushes.
* Cut back evergreen plants.
* Edge flower beds so they are not overrun with grass.
* Do a thorough weeding.
* Clean any old perennials of their foliage. Replant any that have been heaved out of the ground by frost.
* Remove winter mulch.
* Add compost or manure to fertilize the soil for your new plantings.
Then when it comes time to plant, you want to be careful in your selections. There are some plants that are good to plant early in the spring, but there are some that are not hardy enough to handle the kind of drop in temperature that can happen in spring.
Of course this will also depend a great deal on your location. In some growing zones, spring still has plenty of sub-freezing nights. In others, spring is as consistently hot as other regions’ summer.
If you’re growing vegetables, consider the following for spring planting:
Plant in early spring at a seed depth of 2-3″. Soak the crowns for three hours prior to planting. Asparagus grows well with a heavy phosphate fertilizer.
Plant in April or May at a seed depth of 1.5″.
Plant in April at a seed depth of 0.5″. Plant another batch in June.
Plant in April or May at a seed depth of 0.5-1″.
* Brussels sprouts
Plants can be planted in early spring. Brussels sprouts will survive a light frost. Seeds should be planted in the late spring or early summer at a depth of 0.25″.
Plant in April at a seed depth of 0.5″. Cabbage grows well with a heavy nitrogen fertilizer.
Plant in April at a seed depth of 0.5″. Can then also be planted in the summer.
Plant in May at a seed depth of 0.5″.
Plant every two weeks starting in May at a seed depth of 1″. Plant close together in blocks rather than rows.
Plant in May or June at a seed depth of 1″.
Plant 2 weeks after the last frost at a seed depth of 0.25″ in an area with excellent drainage.
Plant in early spring at a seed depth of 2″. If planting as a root cutting, plant the roots at a slightly downward angle.
Plant at two week intervals at the beginning, middle, and end of April (and again in the fall) at a seed depth of 0.25″. Lettuce grows best in very rich soil with plenty of moisture.
Plant 2 weeks after the last frost at a seed depth of 0.75″.
Plant sets in April at a seed depth of 0.5″. Onions grow best with a high phosphorus, high potash fertilizer.
Plant in early April at a seed depth of 1-1.5″.
Plant at two week intervals in April at a seed depth of 1.5-2″.
Plant in May at a seed depth of 0.5″. Peppers grow best with a fertilizer that is not too heavy in nitrogen.
Plant chunks of seed potatoes with two or more eyes in April and May at a seed depth of 3-6″.
Plant in May at a seed depth of 3-4″.
Plant in April at a seed depth of 0.5″.
Plant in early spring at a seed depth of 0.75″.
Plant in April at a seed depth of 0.5″. Spinach grows best in a soil with pH between 6.0 and 6.7.
Plant in May or June at a seed depth of 0.5-1″.
Plant in May at a seed depth of 0.5″. Tomatoes need to be protected from frost.
If you’re planting flowers, some that do well when planted in spring include:
Spring is a busy time, a time of many decisions and much work. But it is an exciting and fun time for the gardener as well.
Rodney, “Best Flowers to Plant in Early Spring.” Romow.
“Spring Gardening.” I Love India.
“Vegetable Growing Tips and Planting Guides.” The Garden Helper.