Perhaps you have known someone who is extremely high one day, almost to the extreme, where this person sounds as though he has had “one too many.” On another day, this very same person sounds extremely depressed. This type of person is known as bipolar. It is sometimes hard to live with this type of individual because of the constant extreme mood changes.
Some people with bipolar disorders have extreme anger and irritability with seemingly no logical reason. They can show extreme anger over some small incident. Their upward mood swings of feeling “high” are followed by periods of depression, sadness, loss of energy, or difficulty concentrating. Doctors often refer to these periods of high or low moods as episodes.
A period of feeling overly high is called an episode of mania or hypomania. The period
when a person with this problem feels low or sad is called an episode of depression.
If you are a parent of a teenager or an older offspring with the above symptoms, don’t feel it is the cause of your upbringing. You are not to blame yourself for this type of behavior.
Bipolar disorder is a brain condition that results in mood disturbances. At one time, this condition was known as manic-depressive illness. Doctors and scientists believe that bipolar disease may happen as a result of structural and chemical changes in the brain. There are treatments that can help manage this condition.
This disorder is a serious, chronic illness requiring long-term help. It is important to get treatment as soon as a person has been diagnosed with this disorder because if not treated, it may get worse.
A person with bi-polar symptoms can manage their symptoms by getting treatment as soon as it is discovered that there is a behavioral problem.. The following are professionals who can help with this problem: psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric nurse, social worker, nutritionist/dietitian, pharmacist. The first of these professionals to see should be a psychiatrist or a psychologist.
The common treatment for bi-polar disorder is psychological therapy and medication. The medication will be prescribed to treat the symptoms, and the psychologist or psychiatrist will help the person manage his/hers symptoms. These professionals will also help in coping with stressful events that could trigger episodes. The psychiatrist or psychologist can help decide which kind of treatment is best for a particular patient.
Source: A pamphlet, “Taking Control of My Bipolar Therapy” by Abbott Laboratories
My experience with hospital students with psychological problems